Oakes, Francis Joseph
O’Hara, Ralph Hercules
Pai Te Rangi
Parkerson, Louise Augusta
Patterson, James (Father)
Pearce, Nicholas Thomas
Penny, Edward Henry
Perichon, Gabriel Emil
Perichon, Martha Julia
Pfeifer, Johann Egidius
Phillpot, James Henry
Pinny, Frederick James
Purchas, Arthur Guyon
Quartly, Edgar Charles
Quill, Denis William
Rangiuia, Edward (Tuahine)
Rawei, Wherahiko Francis
Reed, William Henry
Rehberg, Minna Jane
Ribbands, Henry Sydney Buttle
Richmond, Mary Elizabeth
Robertson’s Music Stores
Rossiter, Richard Henry
Rowley, Alice May
Russell, Charles H
Composer, conductor, teacher, piano tuner, music retailer
Born: 1819, England
Died: 1896, Nelson
Active in New Zealand: 1864-1896
Born in England where he was pianist to the Duchess of Inverness before moving to Victoria in 1852.
After several years performing as a pianist in Melbourne and Ballarat he came to New Zealand in 1864 and settled in Nelson where he initially worked as a piano tuner. Alfred Oakey was active as an accompanist and was conductor of the Artillery, later Nelson Garrison, band from its formation in 1873.
By 1872 he had his own pianoforte business and was offering his services as a teacher of the organ, pianoforte, harmonium, cornet and singing, and his skills as a composer and arranger. In 1876 he bought premises in Bridge Street, and there sold a wide range of instruments, printed music and accessories.
His wife, Emma Oakey was very involved in the business and their three sons all worked in the music trade. Frank and Cyril were piano tuners (Cyril trained with Brinsmead and Sons in London) and Ernest was a manufacturer of reed organs.
Australharmony – for Alfred Oakey’s activities in Australia
Born: c1845, England
Active in New Zealand: 1872-1909
Emma Oakey was born in England c1845 and came with her family to New Zealand in 1859. Her father, William Darby set up business in Nelson as a music dealer in 1865. Her husband, Alfred, a piano teacher and tuner started up his own business in Nelson in 1872. Emma was clearly heavily involved in the business from the beginning. In a deposition she gave in 1873 she stated “I chiefly manage the business”. She probably ran the retail side of the business while her husband travelled around tuning pianos and teaching. It seems that the business was regarded as primarily hers even before Alfred Oakey’s death in 1896. Earlier advertisements refer to ‘Mrs Oakey’s’, although sheet music sold was stamped ‘Alfred Oakey’ and later ‘Oakey & Co’. After Alfred’s death she expanded the business to Blenheim around 1900 but closed this branch four years later.
Oakes, Francis Joseph (Frank)
Conductor, trumpet player, arranger, hotelier
Born: 1868, New Zealand
Died: 1949, New Zealand
While managing the Duke of Edinburgh Hotel Hotel Frank Oakes was heavily involved in the musical life of Wellington as player and conductor., including conducting the choir of St Mary of the Angels and the Returned Soldiers Union orchestra. He founded the Wellington Professional Orchestra and was also involved in brass bands.
Garland of flowers (arr). (Christchurch: McKee, 1899; Dunedin: Charles Begg & Co, 1911)
Hymn for peace. (Unpublished, 1918)
O’Hara, Ralph Hercules
Violinist, teacher, music retailer, publisher
Born: 1880, New Zealand
Died: 1955, Whanganui
A pupil of J. L. Beck of Whanganui, Ralph O’Hara was employed as a violinist in Pollard’s Orchestra in 1902. He established a music business, O’Hara’s Musial Warehouse in 1903 and was the agent for DIC pianos from 1903 to 1912 and then for Charles Begg & Co from 1912 to 1920. In 1920 he sold his entire stock to the Bristol Piano Company who were setting up a Whanganui branch.
Teacher, composer, conductor, performer
Born: 1871, London
Died: 1950, Dunedin
Active in New Zealand: 1890-1950
Llewellyn Owen came to Christchurch with his family in 1879. In 1890 he moved to Ashburton where he was a school teacher initially, before devoting himself to music for a number of years in what was to be his most productive period musically. At various times he was conductor of the Ashburton Musical Society, the Ashburton Musical Union, the Ashburton Liederkranz, the Methodist Wesleyan Choral Society, the Ashburton Brass Band and the Ashburton County Band. He also had his own Estudiantina Band and during the First World War trained the Ashburton Patriotic Troubadours. In 1901 his music was performed in front of the Duke and Duchess of Cornwall on their visit to New Zealand.
In 1917 he left Ashburton and returned to teaching, moving firstly to Christchurch, then Lumsden and finally Dunedin.
Ring, Ring the Bells (Christmas carol). (Unpublished, 1893 )
The Royal Cambrian. Barn Dance for the Pianoforte. ( London : Robert Cocks & Co, 1896)
The Skirt Dance for the Pianoforte. (London : Robert Cocks & Co, 1897)
Euterpe : waltz for the pianoforte. (London : Robert Cocks & Co, 1900)
Owen’s March. (London : Robert Cocks & Co, 1901)
Thalia Waltz. (Dunedin : Charles Begg & Co, 1902)
Ashburton High School Song. (Unpublished. 1909)
Bean, Margaret. A Passionate Affair: Llewellyn Owen & Music. (Wellington: Steele Roberts, 2015.)
Photo Source: Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Canterbury, 1903.
Violinist, pianist, organist, music teacher, composer
Born: 1867, Christchurch
Died: 1928, Christchurch
Hannah Packer’s father was the amateur conductor of Christchurch’s first music society. Her musical training was completed in London where she attended the Crystal Palace School of Music, studying under E. Pauer, (piano) and Otto Manns (violin). On her return to Christchurch she taught a range of instruments as well as being appointed leader for several Christchurch orchestra’s. She was also organist at several Anglican churches and composed a small number of songs. Recordings of her performances were broadcast on 3YA. She committed suicide by drowning after becoming depressed following surgery.
[Two songs]. (Christchurch: Unpublished, 1911)
The Song of Many Countries. (Christchurch: Unpublished, 1915)
Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Canterbury, 1903, p.232. (Photo source)
Van Rij, I. “Votes and notes: exhibiting and contesting gender in the orchestra of the New Zealand and South Seas Exhibition (1889-1890)”. Women & Music, 21, (2017), 3-42.
Pai, Te Rangi – see Howie, Fanny Rose
Born: 1784, France
Died: 1862, Orua Bay, Auckland
Active in New Zealand: 1859-1862, resident but not musically active
Louis Panormo came from a family of distinguished guitar makers, working in London producing high quality instruments “in the original Spanish style.” He retired from his guitar making in 1854. Five years later, at the age of 75, he and his wife and three of their children emigrated to New Zealand where they were later joined by some of his other children who had left for Australia. Panormo died three years later.
Macdonld, Iain. “Players revive master’s art”. New Zealand Herald, 18 February, 1988, Section 2, p2.
Westbrook, James. “Louis Panormo: The only maker of guitars in the Spanish style”. Early Music Vol. 41(4), November 2013, pp571-584.
Paque, Guillaume Auguste Mortimer
Cellist, music teacher, conductor, composer
Born: 1867, England
Died: 1942, Auckland
Active in New Zealand: 1886-1942
Originally from Belgium, Paque’s family had settled in London where his uncle became a cellist in a number of leading orchestras and his father a trumpeter in the royal court. Guillaume received his musical education at the London Academy of Music where he was awarded a number of medals. Aged 21 he moved to Auckland where he was to establish himself as a cello teacher and performer. He taught at W. H. Webbe’s Auckland School of Music, Ladies College Remuera, and Prince Albert College, as well as giving private lessons in cello, piano, singing and harmony. He deputised as conductor for the Auckland Choral Society and also conducted a number of ad hoc orchestral groups, and was for a period organist at St Barnabas’ Church, Mt Eden.
Paque regularly performed not only at the concerts associated with the School of Music, but as a soloist or member of a chamber ensemble at a number of concerts, regularly featuring cello works by his uncle. A small number of his compositions were published, with newspaper reports also mentioning his adding cello obbligato to a number of other pieces.
Cello part to Webbe’s song Madoleine. (Auckland:Webbe, 1886).
Gavotte Joyeuse . Supplement to The Triad, 1 January, 1897
“Favourite” and “Tarantelle” for cello. Unpublished. Performed June 1889.
Antipodes Overture for orchestra. Unpublished. Performed September, 1889,
[Song for Madame Belle Cole]. Unpublished. (1894)
Under the Southern Cross: gavotte. (Auckland: Eady, 1895)
The Skylark: part song. Written for the Auckland Liedertafel Choir. Unpublished. 1895
Now the lusty spring is seen. Supplement to the New Zealand Graphic and Ladies Journal, 29 February, 1896.
Gavotte Joyeuse for cello and piano. (Auckland: A. Eady, 1910).
Paque family descendents.
Violin maker, cabinet maker, double bass player
Born: 1859. Melbourne, Australia
Died: 1919, Dunedin
Active in New Zealand: 1862-1919
Benjamin Parker came to Dunedin as a child. His father played the double bass and other members of the family were heavily involved in music: his sister Sarah played the violin, his brother Ephraim was a violin teacher in Dunedin and Hastings, Thomas was a cellist, and his brother John a well-respected cornet player.
Benjamin was a cabinet-maker by profession, working in South Dunedin. His work as a violin-maker featured in an article in the Otago Daily Times and when he entered a violin in the 1895 Industrial Exhibition he won first place.
“Our Industries”. In: Otago Daily Times, 1888, 14 December, p3.
Conductor, teacher, organist, composer
Born: 1847, London
Died: 1937, Wellington
Active in New Zealand: 1869-1937
Although Parker’s earliest years were spent in Christchurch, it is music in Wellington that he is most associated with. Organist at St Paul’s Pro-Cathedral for almost 60 years, he was soon appointed as Director of the Wellington Orchestral Society, initiating a series of music festivals. He was also conductor of the Wellington Choral Society and Wellington Liedertafel. He was also involved in teacher education, was an examiner for the University of New Zealand, and for several years was the president of the New Zealand Society of Professional Music Teachers. Most of his compositions were of service music, with one carol, Like silver lamps in a distant shine still in the collection of the St Paul’s Cathedral choir. He was awarded a CMG for his services to music in 1930.
Like silver lamps in a distant shine. (Wellington: Reichardt, 1880)
Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Wellington Provincial District, p. 444.
Thomson, J. M. Biographical dictionary of New Zealand Composers (Wellington: Victoria University, 1990)
Parker, R. Papers, 1863–1935. MS Papers 211. Alexander Turnbull Library
Parkerson, Louisa Augusta (nee Hornbrook)
Piano teacher, composer
Born: 1848, Wellington
Died: 1929, Auckland
The Hornbrook family were one of the early European settlers to South Canterbury. Louisa married in 1870 to Richard Knowles Parkerson and remained living in the Timaru area until after his death in 1909. She taught piano for a while and in 1883, Milner and Thompson in Christchurch published two of her songs (she reportedly wrote other pieces that were not published). After her husband’s death she moved to Auckland to live with one of her sons.
Regret. (Christchurch: Milner and Thompson, 1883)
Watching and waiting. (Christchurch: Milner and Thompson, 1883)
Patterson, James Francis (Father)
Organist, composer, Catholic priest
Born: 1849?, Yorkshire, England
Died: 1919, Auckland
Active in New Zealand: 1884-1919
One of Father Patterson’s early musical roles in New Zealand was the inauguration of the organ at St Patrick’s, Auckland in 1885. He spent most of his working life in parishes in the Wellington (Palmerson North) and Auckland diocese. In both locations he performed as an organ soloist on a number of occasions as well as playing the piano at a number of charitable events.
March in A for the organ (Unpublished, 1890?)
Fantasia in e minor for the organ (Unpublished, 1895)
Prelude, for organ (Unpublished, 1896)
Rosary, for choir (Unpublished, 1896)
Cyclopedia of New Zealand (Wellington Provincial District), p. 1159 (photo source)
Pearce, Nicholas Thomas
Organ builder, tuner and repairer, piano tuner and repairer, organist.
Born: 1852, Cornwall, England
Died: 1931, Christchurch
Active in New Zealand: 1879-1931
Pearce trained as an organ builder with the London firm of Eustice Ingram. On his migration to Invercargill, he first found work with a joinery firm, but then resumed his trade as an organ tuner and repairer. He was organist at the Lee St Methodist Church for 25 years. In 1901, the organ he had built was installed at St Paul’s in Invercargill and overall he built 20 organs and installed another 8. In 1906 he moved to Christchurch where he continued as an organ builder as N. T. Pearce and Sons under shortly before his death.
Templeton, Christopher. N.T. or not N.T. – that is the Question. A reassessment and evaluation of the work of Nicholas Thomas Pearce. (New Zealand Organ Preservation Trust, 2010)
Penny, Edward Henry
Stationer, music seller, publisher
Born: 1859, Lancashire, England
Active in New Zealand: 1893-1926
Edward Penny trained as a wholesale paper merchant in Manchester before coming to New Zealand in 1883. He purchased his book, music and stationery business in Blenheim in 1893 and acted as the local agent for the Dresden. In 1901 he published Wairau dairy factory manager Thomas Stokes’ True British Colonials dedicated to the New Zealand contingents fighting in the Anglo-South African War.
Cyclopedia of New Zealand (Nelson, Marlborough and Westland Provincial Districts), p. 314 (photo source)
Perichon, Gabriel Emil
Born: 1875(?), Mauritius (?)
Died: 1914, Fielding
Active in New Zealand: 1907-1914
Gabriel Perichon was most likely a brother-in-law of Martha Perichon. He performed on the piano as a child with his mother (Mauritia) in Brisbane. From 1907 he appears frequently in newspaper reports as professionally providing the piano music for dances and other entertainments in Fielding both as a soloist and with the violinist P. Hennessy. He died in 1914 after drinking a photography solution, mistaking it for whisky. Newspaper reports of his death refer to him as the ‘dwarf musician’ but it is unknown if he suffered from any particular medical condition.
Perichon, Martha Julia (nee Moore)
Born: 1873, New South Wales, Australia
Died: 1921, Australia
Active in New Zealand: 1902-1911
Martha Perichon arrived in New Zealand with her husband, artist and photographer Fernand Louis Perichon (de Vandeuil) from Australia in 1902. Her husband’s family had originated in Mauritius and settled in Australia in the 1880s. Fernand and Martha first settled in Dunedin before moving to Wellington and then to Christchurch, where they lived with his mother and brother.
After the unexpected death of Fernand from heart failure at the age of 32 in 1905 Martha remained in Christchurch and published some pieces under the name Madame Perichon, one of which (The Scout’s March), she is reported as playing at a concert in Christchurch in 1910. She moved back to Sydney in 1911 and re-married in 1916.
Suavita: waltz. (Christchurch: Lyttleton Times, 1907)
Bugler waltz. (Christchurch: Lyttleton Times, 1909)
Scout’s march. (Christchurch: Unpublished, 1910)
Grande marche militaire. (Christchurch: Lyttleton Times, 19–?)
Pfeifer, Johann Egidius
Band leader, flautist, cornet player, composer, draughtsman
Born: 1835?, Darmstadt, Hesse, Germany
Died: 1895, Hokitika
Active in New Zealand: 1864-1895
Pfeifer became a naturalised citizen in 18873. He spent most of his life in New Zealand living in the Hokitika area, working for the Survey Department and leading a range of bands including the Hokitika Volunteer Brass Band and First Westland Rifles. He also lead bands for a number of entertainments, was conductor for the Hokitika Orchestral Society and the Hokitika Musical and Dramatic Society.
He wrote a number of compositions, some for particular productions. Two of his songs were given a first class award at the 1890 Dunedin Exhibition and his waltz Thusnelda was published in 1891.
Armenius March. (Unpublished, 1887)
Pleasant dreams: song. (Unpublished, 1887)
When life’s in hope and beauty clad. (Unpublished, 1888)
Vincent’s Galop. (Unpublished, 1890)
Thusnedla, waltz. (Wellington: Dresden, 1891)
How swiftly speeds. (Unpublished, 1893)
Phillpot, James Henry
Music teacher, organist and choirmaster, composer, flutist
Born: 1861, Abervale, Wales
Died: 1937, Auckland
Active in New Zealand: 1884-1937
James Phillpot arrived in New Zealand on the Coptic in 1884. Despite already having started on a musical career as organist at the Methodist church in Stockton on Tees, Phillpot took advantage of the tuition available to him at the Auckland University College and was awarded the Junior and Senior Onslow medals for the top non-matriculated student.
In addition to establishing his place as a music teacher in Auckland, Phillpot had two particularly signifcant appointments as organist and choirmaster, firstly at St Paul’s Church and secondly at St Matthew’s Church where he was to serve from 1905 until the early 1930s. HIs Easter cantata, The Ascension, was performed complete or as extracts almost every year during this period.
Phillpot composed a significant number of works, 20 of which were published and more than twice that number remained unpublished but had performances noted in the newspaper. Other than sacred works for his church choir, his works included topical piano works and songs. He was active in the masonic movement and wrote for a number of Auckland groups such as the Old Colonists Choral Society.
Phillpot is also generally agreed to be the composer who using the pseudonym Hemi Piripata, arranged a number of Maori songs which were successfully published by Eady and then Beggs. Definitive evidence of this still being sought.
Fair Ireland. (Auckland: Star Office, 1885)
Birthday Ode to Sir George Grey. (1886)
Zealandia’s victory. (1888)
Sons of the Empire. (London: Keith Prowse, 1899)
In memorium. (Auckland: A. Eady, 1901)
New Zealand’s sons. (Auckland: A. Eady, 1902)
Abide with me. (Auckland: A. Eady, 1903)
God defend New Zealand. (Auckland: Wilson and Horton, 1904)
Sons of liberty. (Auckland: A. Eady, 1908)
O Lord, we beseech thee. (London: Wickins, 1909)
Almighty and everlasting God. (London: Wickins, 1909)
O Lord who knowest. (London: Wickins, 1909)
Light of the Gospel. (London: Wickins, 1909)
Vesper bells. (Auckland: A. Eady, 1912?)
Waken lords and ladies gay. Hunting song. (Auckland: 1914?)
Lionheart. (Auckland: Wilson and Horton, 1917)
Song of thanksgiving on the occasion of the recovery of His Majesty King George V. (Auckland: 1929?)
10 little Maori songs. (Auckland: A. Eady, 1929)
Auckland Libraries Heritage Collections NZG-19050318-35-5
From the New Zealand Graphic, 18 March 1905, p35
Pinny, Frederick James
Musical instrument importer, music retailer, builder
Born: c1857, Motueka
Died: 1933, Wellington
Active in New Zealand: 1886-1933
Worked as a builder until 1886 when he set up business in Manners Street, Wellington as an importer of pianos, organs and other musical instruments. The business later moved to Cuba Street and then Willis Street. In 1913 a branch was opened in Nelson but this closed in 1915. The business operated until Pinny’s death.
Organist, music teacher, conductor, concert organizer, pianist, bandmaster, composer
Born: 1849?, England
Died: 1896, Sydney
Active in New Zealand: 1883-1890
Alfred Pooley appears to have moved to New Zealand with the intentions of starting a new life. Formerly a Wine and Spirits distributor, he had also been an organist at St Peter’s Cathedral in Liverpool. After his arrival in Auckland on the “Kentish Lass” in 1883 he set up as a music teacher, organist, concert organiser and conductor. One of his innovations was a series of marine concerts, where the ship “Takapuna” moored in a quiet part of the Waitemata Harbour and a short concert held before its return to the main wharf. His two New Zealand published works were dedicated to leading figures in Auckland but unfortunately his arrival in Auckland coincided with a significant economic downturn. He relocated to Sydney, where he was appointed organist at St Matthew’s Church, Manly.
Cairn’s March. (Auckland: Star Steam Litho, 1886)
Kawau March. (Auckland, 1886)
Purchas, Arthur Guyon
Anglican vicar, doctor, architect, engineer, inventor, scientist and musician
Born: 1821, Wales
Died: 1906, Auckland
Active in New Zealand: 1847-1906
Arthur Purchas was one of the most influential figures in the establishment of the settlement of Auckland and surrounding areas. Amongst his many other activities and responsibilities he was Musical Director for the New Zealand Anglican Dioceses, responsible for the development of the New Zealand Hymnal, and taught music at St John’ College. A number of his hymns were published in the New Zealand Hymnal as well as the Church Gazette.
Publications and compositions
Tunes for different metres. (Auckland: St John’s College, 1848)
New Zealand Hymnal tunebook. (Auckland: Wayte & Batger, 1866)
A child’s morning prayer. (Auckland: Church Gazette, 1889)
Hurrah for our bonnie island home. (Auckland: Eady, 1894)
‘Purchas, Arthur Guyon’, Encyclopaedia of New Zealand, edited by A. H. McLintock, originally published in 1966. Te Ara – the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, updated 22-Apr-09
New Zealand Memories 84 (June/July 2010), pp. 4-8,
Steele, John. No ordinary man: the extraordinary life and times of Dr Arthur Purchas. (Auckland: David Ling, 2019)
Quartly, Edgar Charles
Singer, music retailer, conductor, teacher of elocution
Active in New Zealand: c1906-c1911
Edgar Quartly (often spelt Quartley) was a teacher of elocution, a singer and had his own orchestra in Blenheim. He came to New Zealand from Adelaide c1906. In 1907 he took over the music retail business of Mr Parker and in December 1908 became the agent for the DIC, selling pianos on their behalf. It is highly probable that the next year he became agent for Begg’s as they brought a bankruptcy case against him in 1910 and subsequently advertised the business for sale. He left Blenheim at this time and returned to Adelaide.
While in Blenheim Quartly published Quartly’s First Musical Album (c1910) which contains several pieces by Antonio Vannini, who was a local music teacher.
Quill, Denis William
Born: 1887, Otaki
Died: 1931, Wellington
Sadly, the promising musical career indicated by Denis Quill’s early life did not eventuate. Quill (also known as William Denis Quill) was the son of the manager of the Railway Hotel in Otaki, and attended St Patrick’s College. He received musical tuition from Laurence Watkins, and at the early age of of 17 wrote and had published the Nikau Waltz which became a firm favourite and was re-published through many decades. It was even re-worked as a song, Waiting for you, and performed by Vera Lynn. Quill had on-going issues with alcohol and minor offences against the law and no further contributions to music in New Zealand are documented.
Dufferin polka. (Sydney: Alberts, 1904)
Nikau waltz. (Auckland: Eady, 1904)
Nikau waltz. Performed by Ludwig Treviranus (selections), from Living echoes. Wellington: Sunrise Music Trust, 2014)
Nikau waltz. Sawok productions, 2016.
Bandmaster, cornet and trumpet player, composer
Born: 1836(?), Ireland
Died: 1876, Parsonstown (now Birr), Ireland
Active in New Zealand: 1866-1870
Michael Quinn took over as Bandmaster of the 2nd Battalion of the 18th Regiment (Royal Irish) from Eduard Bergmann. He arrived in 1866 and spent some time with the Regiment in Wanganui before they were stationed in Auckland. As well as leading the Regimental Band in a range of military, ceremonial and social events, he also performed as a soloist in a number of charitable concerts. He also conducted the Auckland Choral Society orchestra on a number of occasions including one where Prince Albert was a member of the first violins, and another when the first symphony performed by full orchestra in Auckland was presented.
A number of his compositions were performed by the Band and by other bands after the Regiment’s return to Great Britain. See also the item in “Features”.
Minnie Clyde: march. (Unpublished: 186-?
Choice spirits: polka. (Unpublished: 186-?)
Prussian air with variations: for trumpet. (Auckland: Unpublished, 1868?)
Canary Galop. (Auckland: Unpublished, 1869)
Rangiuia, Edward (Tuahina)
Tenor and music teacher
Ngati Porou, Te Aitanga a Hauiti
Died: 1918, London
Edward Rangiuia (also known as Chieftain Rangiuia) went to school at Te Aute College and was cousin of Sir Apirana Ngata. He was established as a music teacher in Gisborne but after performing for the Duke and Duchess of Cornwall during their 1901 and 1903 tours he was encouraged to take his singing career further. He moved to London and toured successfully with Fanny Howie (Princess Te Rangi Pai) and was one of the performers at the New Zealand concert in the Festival of Empire 1911.
McLean, Mervyn. Maori Music. (Auckland: Auckland University Press 1996)
National Library of New Zealand. Pukana exhibition.
Rawei, Wherahiko Francis
Entertainer, evangelist, composer
Born: 187?, Whanganui area
Died: 1928, Avarua, Cook Islands
Wherahiko Rawei’s early life is somewhat obsure, with various version as to where and when he was born and his parentage. He was active as a Salvation Army evangelist in New Zealand during the 1890s, and continued both his evangelical message and presenting stories of his Maori heritage in Australia and the United Kingdom. From 1903 his career moved to mainland USA, lecturing and performing as part of the Chautauqua and Lyceum circuits.
Songs: sung by Rawei, the New Zealand native evangelist. (1900)
“I heard of a saviour’s love”. In: The Endeavour Hymnal for young people’s societies, Sunday schools and church prayer meetings. (1901)
Death of Piwa. (Tasmania: Zeehan, 1912).
Brawley, S. and Dixon, C. The South Seas: a reception history from Daniel Defoe to Dorothy Lamour. (Lexington Books, 2015)
Roberts, E. “The perpatetic career of Wherahiko Rawei”. In: The cosmopolitan Lyceum. (University of Massachusetts Press, 2013), pp. 203-220.
Lyceum News (May 1912), p. 10
Pianist, singer, entertainer, music teacher
Born: 1825, England
Died: 1869, Greymouth
Active in New Zealand: 1857-1869
Catherine (Kate) Redmayne is recalled as the first female to try and make a livelihood from giving piano concerts throughout the southern regionn of New Zealand. During the late 1850s and early 1860s She travelled through difficult terrain to perform from her Dunedin base. She also composed a number of works which she included in her performances and had 4 poems published in the Otago Calendar. After a visit to England in 1864, she returned to perform in the North Island and top ofthe South Island before settling on the West Coast where she died in childbirth in 1869.
Court, Suzanne. “Catherine Redmayne”. In: The book of New Zealand women. (Wellington: Bridge Williams, 1991), p550-551.
Lister, C. The life of Catherine Redmayne from 1857-1864. (BMus(Hons) research essay, University of Otago, 1989)
McIntosh, Peter. “Research notes relating to Miss Redmayne, early Dunedin pianist c.1855-61.” Hocken Collections, Misc-Ms-1556.
Reed, William Henry
Musical theatre entertainer, violinist, composer, photographer, music retailer, hotel manager, carpenter
Born: 1848?, England
Died: 1878, Auckland
Active in New Zealand: 1860-1878
Trained as a carpenter, Reed devoted most of his time in New Zealand working as a photographer or hotel manager with a strong parallel career as a musical entertainer. Using the persona W H Mackney, he first performed blackface routines, later broadening his repertoire and performing under his own name, composing topical ballads in the style of Charles Thatcher with whom he had worked. He was known for performing on a variety of instruments including the banjo and the violin.
He lived and performed in Auckland before moving to the West Coast, and after the tragic death of his wife to Grahamstown, Thames. His second wife was the singer Annie Leaf who went on to have a successful singing career overseas after Reed’s sudden death. They relocated to Auckland and he had purchased Turrell’s music retailer shop but died very shortly after their arrival in Auckland.
Giles, Keith. C H Monkton & W H Reed: adventures in the history of New Zealand Photography. (Auckland: Dead Souls, 2020)
Rehberg, Minna Jane
Piano teacher, organist
Born: 1865, Dunedin
Died: 1911, Dunedin
Minna Rehberg was educated at the Girls High School, Dunedin. She studied piano at the Dominican convent and also from Benno Scherek before setting up as a piano teacher in 1886. She accompanied many concerts including those of the Frederick Leech Violin School, from 1902-1908 was organist at St Michael’s Anglican Church in Anderson’s Bay and was a member of the Otago Society of Musicians.
Music dealer, music arranger, pianist, music publisher, teacher
Born: c1837, England
Died: 28 March 1915, Wellington
Active in New Zealand: 1850s-1915
After arriving in New Zealand George Reichardt taught music in Dunedin and played the piano with Achille Fleury in concerts in Dunedin during the 1860s and early 1870s. In 1870 he became manager of George West’s music business in Princes Street. By 1878 he was in Wellington where he set up his Music Warehouse. He continued to run this until his accidental death in 1915.
Died: 1922, New Plymouth
Active in New Zealand: 1874-1922
Charlotte Retford came to New Plymouth in 1874 with brother and sister, Mary. The sisters operated a tobacconist and fancy goods business until Mary’s death in 1884 when Charlotte became the sole owner. In 1899 she became the agent for the Dresden Pianoforte Manufacturing & Agency Co Ltd, selling their pianos and almost certainly sheet music as well. In 1901 Charlotte purchased the stock of Mr G M Brasch & Co, a business which sold musical instruments and sheet music. An advertisement for 1902 indicates the feminine appeal of her stock as she was advertising sewing machines, pianos, music, fancy goods, wool, toys and washing machines. In 1903 calling herself an importer she advertised ‘Music and Musical Instruments, A Large and Up to-date Stock to select from. Also, a large job purchase of “Songs, etc for sale, cheap.”
Ribbands, Henry Sydney Buttle (Harry)
Diving instructor, insurance salesman, lyricist, poet, music retailer
Born: 1874, Isle of Wight, England
Died: 1946, New Zealand
Active in New Zealand: 1906-1946
Immigrated to New Zealand in 1906 and settled in Hastings where he collaborated with A R Don on several songs and a comic opera, Marama or The Mere and the Maori Maid. A rifleman with the 22nd Reinforcements during the First World War he also wrote the lyrics for The Land of the Long White Cloud (music by Sergeant Charles Lawrence James) which became the ‘official march of the New Zealand Division’.
In 1919 on his return to New Zealand he opened a music, book and stationery shop in Hastings,
Our Territorials: a chorus march song. (Wellington: Charles Begg & Co, 1914)
We shall get there in time. (Hastings: Don’s Piano and Music Warehouse, 1915)
Strike up that band. (Hastings: Anzac Music Publishing Co, 1915)
The land of the long white cloud. (Wellington: Charles Begg & Co, 1917)
Come canoeing down the Wanganui. (Hastings: Ribbands & Don, 1920)
The Renown: a Maori medley waltz. (Wellington: Don’s Music House, c1927)
Marama: comedy opera. (Hastings: Hastings Amateur Dramatic Society, nd)
Bourke, C. Good-bye Maoriland: the songs & sounds of New Zealand’s Great War. (Auckland: Auckland University Press, 2017) pp. 152-153
Harcourt, P. Fantasy & folly. (Wellington: Steele Roberts, 2002) pp. 103-108.
Richmond, Mary Elizabeth
Teacher, community leader, writer, composer
Born: 1853, New Plymouth
Died: 1949, Wellington
Mary Richmond was privately educated in a large, comfortably well-off household. She enjoyed the experience of travelling to England, and after having the responsibility for running the household she taught at Wellington Girls High School. On the death of her father, she trained further as a kindergarten teacher and opened her own school.
She was very active in a number of organisations involved in support and education of women and children, wrote poetry, plays and a number of songs, mostly for children.
Songs of the planets. (Wellington: McKee, 1898)
The moon song. (Wellington: McKee, 1899)
Our old tattered flag. (Wellington: McKee, 1900)
Songs for children. (London: Green, 1908)
Porter, F. ‘Richmond, Mary Elizabeth’, Te Ara – the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, https://teara.govt.nz/en/biographies/3r19/richmond-mary-elizabeth (accessed 21 September 2020) (Photo source).
Richmond family : Papers. Alexander Turnbull Library Ms 77-173
Active in New Zealand: 1904-1908
Probably a pseudonym, Seaton Rivers published six works over a short period.
Willows. (Dunedin and London: Charles Begg & Co, 1904)
The red carnation. (Dunedin: Charles Begg & Co, 1907)
Intermezzo in A. (Dunedin: Charles Begg & Co, 1908)
Nocturne in E flat. (London: Charles Begg & Co, 1908)
Only Pretence. (Dunedin: Charles Begg & Co, 1908)
White Lilac. (Dunedin: Charles Begg & Co, 1908)
Robertson’s Music Stores
Music retailer, publisher
Ceased business: 1934
Started by Alfred William Robertson who was born at Bendigo in 1857 and came to Auckland in 1899 where he founded Robertson’s Music Stores in Queen Street. The business went bankrupt in 1934. After closure his younger son, Jack (Robbie) Robertson worked for Begg’s and at one time managed their Auckland branch.
Robertson’s were a publisher of New Zealand music and the copyright for its publications was purchased by Arthur Eady Ltd. Included in these were Haere Ra or Now is the Hour.
Rossiter, Richard Henry (Harry)
Composer, music retailer, band leader
Born: 1871, Lyttleton
Died: 1936, Christchurch
After studying music by local teachers including Henry Towle, Arthur Towsey and Arthur Barth, Rossiter started composing works for performance at an early age. One of his most successful works, the Onslow waltz, was written when he was only twenty. Three editions were published, and it was performed both on piano and by dance band. A number of songs, dance and church pieces followed, published by a variety of New Zealand and overseas music publishers.
Rossiter appears to have written little after 1910. He was employed at Milner and Thompson’s in Christchurch and later was the piano manager at Begg’s. He continued his musical activities through conducting various bands and at various concerts, along with his involvement in parish music.
Onslow waltz. (Dunedin: Dresden, 1890) – also 1900 (London: Reynolds) edition
Barn dance. (London: Wickins, 1892)
Only you. (1894)
Our cycling song. (Christchurch: 1896)
The village coquette. (1896)
England is mistress still. (Christchurch: Lyttleton Times, 1900?)
O salutaris hostia. (London: Frederick Harris, 1905)
Zealandia. (Christchurch: Milner and Thompson, 1905)
One summer’s night. (Adelaide: Cawthorne, 1906)
Poppies. (London: Reynolds, 1906)
Vanora. (London: Reynolds, 1906)
Waves of the rolling deep. (Adelaide: Cawthorne, 1906)
In the meadows. (Adelaide: Cawthorne, 1906)
Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Canterbury Provincial District, p. 232. (Photo source)
Nichol, E. “Dedicated to the colonial music-loving public”.
Rowley, Alice May (later McLean, Forrester, Mackay)
Music teacher, pianist, composer
Born: Christchurch, 1870
Died: Christchurch, 1940
Alice Rowley ‘s talent as a musician was evident while still a pupil at Christchurch Girls High School and she went on to become the first woman to graduate with a Bachelor of Music from the University of New Zealand.
In addition to raising a family, frequent accompanying at concerts and delivering lectures on a range of musical topics, Rowley continued to compose throughout her life. While several of her songs were published there remains also a wealth of unpublished songs, several of which received public performances.
Hinemoa: morceau pour piano. (London: Wickins, 1889)
Nydia. (London: London Music Publishing, 1889?)
One hundred years ago. (London: Wickins, 1890?)
The oId flag. (Christchurch: Lyttleton Times, 1900)
Christmas carol. (Ashburton: 1911)
Homeward bound. (London: Frederick Harris, 1913)
Lullaby. (London: Frederick Harris, 1913)
One flag, one throne. (London: Frederick Harris, 1913)
Song of the rose. (London: Frederick Harris, 1913)
Cradle song. In: The Countess of Liverpool Giftbook, 1916.
Love eternal. (Sydney?: 1916)
Walkin’ down the roadway. (London: Arthur H. Stockwell, 1940)
Alexander Turnbull Library. Marches, polkas, waltzes; list of published works and appreciation of Alice Forrester Mackay. MS-Papers-0440-1
May, Judith. “Alice Mackay Mus. Bac.” Music in New Zealand, 1994, p. 35-37.
New Zealand Freelance. 13 Oct 1937, p. 12.
“Obituary. Mrs W. O. Mackay.” Press, 24 July 1940, p. 2
Cyclopdedia of New Zealand : Christchurch Provincial District, p. 821.
Russell, Charles H
Organist and pianist, teacher, music retailer, composer
Born: Probably USA
Died: 1879, Melbourne
Active in New Zealand: 1864-1878
Organist in the Catholic Church of Los Angeles before coming to New Zealand c1864 where he established himself as a Professor of the Pianoforte in Wellington. In 1865 he opened a music warehouse which was destroyed by fire in 1869. He moved to Dunedin in 1870, where he resumed teaching, before leaving for Melbourne in 1878.
Farewell to the Emigrant. (unpublished, 1864)
Loving eyes are on me beaming. (Dunedin: Charles Begg & Co, 1876)
Fern leaves. (Dunedin: Charles Begg & Co, 1876)
Silvery spray. (Dunedin: Charles Begg & Co, 1876)
When will ye think of me? (Dunedin: Charles Begg & Co, 1877)
Macgibbon, John. Piano in the parlour. (Wellington: Ngaio, 2007), p61-65.