Notables C-D

Cailliau, Francois
Carbines, Arthur Vivian
Carter, Thomas Edgar
Cheek, Martin
Chivers, Albert Meredith
Chrisps
Cimino, Salvatore
Clutsam, Frederick
Clutsam, George Howard
Clutsam, Louisa
Collier, H & Son
Collier, Henry
Collier, Herbert
Coupland, Harriet
Cowley, John
Craston, Edward Sharp
Crowther, Francis Edwin
Dasma (see Adams, Samuel)
Davy, Jessie
Davis, Daniel
Davidson, James
De Clive-Lowe, George Thomas Humphrey
De Lautour, Bertram Aubrey de Hoghton
De Maus, David Alexander
Don, Archibald Rae
Dresden Pianoforte and Manufacturing Agency Ltd
Dyson, Nelson

Cailliau, Francois Octavien

Music teacher, music publisher, composer, conductor, journalist
Born: 1834?, Paris, France
Died: 1907, Sydney, Australia
Active in New Zealand: 1880-1884

Despite being in New Zealand for a relatively short time, Cailliau made a significant contribution to music in New Zealand. He was born and educated in France and was bandmaster to the 57th Regiment de Line. He became involved in the communards uprising and as a result was exiled to New Caledonia to serve out his sentance. On release he was part of a group of former prisoners who chose to go to New Zealand.

In Auckland he established himself as a singing teacher and conductor of high standards, also writing for the local paper on muiscal topics. Along with his colleague Albin Villeval, he published The New Zealand Muse, the first periodical dedicated to music published in New Zealand. Although slight, each issue included technical advice along with a music supplement. He was also very involved with organising concerts, including opera. Due to the ill health of one of his daughters he and his family (he had married Henrietta Brabazon, sister to the pianist Clarice Brabazon) moved to Sydney. There he was involved with the Franch community and continue to teach music until his death by drowning in 1907.

Compositions and writings
Plombine: valse fanfare. (Paris: 1866)
L’harmonie rendue facile (Paris, 1869)
La composition et l’instrumentation rendue facile. (Paris, 1869)
La muse villageoise: choeur a 4 voix. (Paris, 1870)
Tavien-polka. (Paris: 1870)
Snowflake. (Auckland: New Zealand Muse, 1880)
The study of harmony made easy. Trans. Pelzer. (Auckland: New Zealand Muse, 1880)

Other resources
Nichol, E. Dedicated to the colonial music-loving public, pp. 166-177

Photo source
Cailliau family
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Carbines, Arthur Vivian

Auckland Weekly News 1915

Pianist, composer, music teacher, retailer
Born: 1879, Auckland
Died: 1915, Chunuk Bair, Gallipoli, Turkey.

Arthur Carbines was identified as a youth as having considerable musical promise. He was gifted a piano by the business man Arthur H. Nathan, and was active in in wide range of musical activities. He and his family were members of the Auckland Baptist Tabernacle and he wrote a number of hymns for that congregation. He spent approxiamtely 3 years in London and had moved to New Plymouth before joining the army as a medic. He was killed at Gallipoli, tragically shot by British troops while attempting to recover a wounded soldier.

Compositions
Rangitoto – morceau a la gavotte. (London: Frederick Harris, 1907)
Jesus, my gracious friend. (Auckland: A.V.C., 1909
Hymns. (Auckland: Wilson, Giles, 1916)

Recordings:
Rangitoto. Farewell Zealandia Salon Orchestra. RNZ.

Resources:
“Bearing the wounded.” https://ww100.govt.nz/bearing-the-wounded
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Carter, Thomas Edgar

Music retailer, teacher, composer
Born: 7 July 1845, Coventry, England
Died: 29 March 1924, Auckland
Active in New Zealand: 1880-1924

Thomas Carter arrived in Auckland in 1880 and later opened a music warehouse and teaching studio in Victoria Street.

Compositions
How to play the piano without any knowledge of music in 20 minutes. (Auckland, Thomas Carter, 1898)

Resources
Cyclopedia of New Zealand: Auckland District, p. 260. (Photo source).
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Cheek, Martin Albert

Music teacher, organist, conductor, composer
Born: 1862, London
Died: 1929, Blenheim
Active in New Zealand: 1882-1929

Settling in Blenheim in 1887 via Auckland and Waipukurau, Cheek was involved in many aspects of music in Blenheim. He was a music teacher, organist at St Andrews Presbyterian Church for over 20 years, conductor of the Marlborough Orchestral Society and Blenheim Harmonic Society. A Member of the Society of Musicians of Australasia, he was the local secretary for Trinity College of Music. He composed a number of works, one of which was published in London.

Compositions
O weary hands. (London: Musical Herald, 1893)
andante and chorale for organ. (Unpublished, 1911)

Resources
Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Marlborough and Westland District, p. 334. (Photo source).
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Chivers, Albert Meredith

Music retailer, publisher
Born: 1875, possibly Australia
Died: 1949, New Zealand
Active in New Zealand: c1903-1949

Christchurch Exhibition, 1906. ‘”Edison Phonograph Monthly” March 1907.

After arriving in New Zealand from Australia Albert Chivers firstly had a bicycle selling business in Auckland. He opened Chivers’ Music Stores in Christchurch in 1905, operating initially from Manchester Street and then moving to High Street. The business sold gramophones and records as well as sheet music. In 1906 a Wellington branch was opened in Lambton Quay and this later moved to Willis Street. In 1914 the Christchurch business was taken over by Webley Sons & Gofton but the Wellington business continued until c1924 when Chivers became a publican.

Chivers’ Music Stores published five original New Zealand compositions, four of which were composed by Raymond Hope .
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Chrisps

Location: Gisborne
Established: 1891
Ceased business: 1972

Also known as E. Chrisp & Son and the Gisborne Music Warehouse, Chrisp’s was a music business founded by Edmund Chrisp, initially selling mainly pianos and sheet music. From 1897 Chrisps acted as agents for Begg’s pianos. Management was taken over by Edmund’s son, James Chrisp c1900 and one of his sons trained as a piano tuner with Begg’s in Dunedin. In 1915 Chrisps opened new premises which included a large space for the display and sale of sewing machines. In 1931 James’ son, George assumed management of the business and worked a total of 52 years in the business before retiring in 1972 when the business was sold. George Chrisp played the violin and piano and his wife was a pianist who studied at the Conservatory in Sydney. Both were part of the George Chrisp Band which played in theatres and for balls and other social occasions.
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Cimino, Salvatore

Salvatore Cimino when manager of Charles Begg & Co’s Wellington branch,
surrounded by his staff, 1911

Teacher, conductor, organist, music dealer, composer
Born: 1853, Wellington
Died: 1934, Wellington

Salvatore Cimino was the son of Salvatore Cimino Snr, originally from Capri, one of Wellington’s earliest settlers.  He taught a variety of instruments and in 1893 opened “The People’s Music Depot” in Willis Street, with teaching rooms above the shop.  He was also conductor of St Joseph’s orchestra, conductor of the choir at St Mary’s Cathedral, violin master at St Francis Xavier’s Academy for Young Ladies and conductor of the Kaiwarra and St Patrick’s College Brass Bands.  In 1892 he started the Otaki Maori Brass Band and was its bandmaster.  In recognition of this the entire Cimino family were made honorary members of Ngati Rauwaka.  In 1897 he sold his business to Charles Begg & Co Ltd and it became their Wellington branch.  Salvatore Cimino remained as manager until 1912. 

Compositions
Peeping daisy polka mazurka. (Wellington: Burrett, 1873)
Peeping daisy polka mazurka. ( Wellington: Bonnington, 1880)
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Clutsam, Frederick

Tenor, cellist, composer, inventor
Born: 1869, West Coast. NZ?
Died: 1934, London
Active in New Zealand: 1880s

Frederick Clutsam was the younger brother of George. He was also introduced to the musical stage from an early age, appearing firstly as a cellist, and later as a tenor. It was as a singer that he moved to Melbourne in 1891, to take up a position in the choir od St Paul’s Cathedral, Melbourne. He also became conductor of the Melbourne Orpheus Society. He became interested in the mechanics of the piano keyboard, and developed a curved keyboard and moved to Europe to explore his ideas there.

Compositions
The sea hath its pearls. (Melbourne: W. H. Glen, 1896)
Cello sonata. (Melbourfne: Unpublished, 1892)
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Clutsam, George Howard

National Library of Australia

Composer, pianist, music writer
Born: 1866, Sydney
Died: 1951, London
Active in New Zealand: 1873 – 1888

George Clustam was born in Sydney but moved to New Zealand as an infant. His musical talents were first recognised in Dunedin, where he lived with his music teacher mother and appeared on concert programmes from the age of 7. He built a reputation as a musical prodigy, playing the piano, composing and conducting. His first piece was published in 1879, and shortly after he travelled to London for further study. He returned to New Zealand, moving to Auckland after touring with the Radcliffe-Rita company, where he taught music and continued to develop his reputation as a pianist and composer.

He moved to Melbourne in 1888 to take up a role as accompanist to Amy Sherwin, and shortly afterwards moved to London to further his career. He wrote a large number of songs and was particularly successful in musical theatre. His most well known song is the plantation song Ma curly headed babby, and his arrangements of music by Schubert for the production of Lilac Time brought him great success.

Compositions (selected, pre-1920)
La pluie de pintemps. (Dunedin: Beggs, 1878)
Rita waltz (Unpublished, 1885)
Aubade, op. 14, no. 3 : pour piano. (London: Stanley Lucas, Weber, Pitt & Hatzfeld, c1897.)
Ma curly headed babby. (London: Edwin Ashdown, 1897)
If I were a lark. (London: Edwin Ashdown, 1901)
A folk song. (London: Chappell, 1902)
I know of two bright eyes : Myrra : no. 4 of Songs from the Turkish hills (London: Edwin Ashdown, 1902)
Sous sa fenetre: six etudes pittoresque, no. 6. (London: Enoch, 1904)
Just ‘cos. (London: Boosey, 1910)
Young England: a light opera in 3 acts. (London: Ascherberg, Hopwood & Crew, 1916)
See Trove, for a signficant number of digitised works by Clutsam

Resources
George H. Clutsam archive : collection of manuscripts and unpublished works. National Library of Australia
George H. Clutsam. In: Australian Variety Theatre Archive
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Clutsam, Louisa

Music teacher, pianist, singer
Born: 1849?, Australia?
Died: 1922, Melbourne
Active in New Zealand: 1870?-1891

Louisa Clutsam’s maternal family (Labalestrier) were musicians and when she was deserted by her husband in Nelson in approximately 1868, she moved to Dunedin and established herself as a pianist and music teacher. She later also became a regular as a singer in a range of concerts and productions. Her two sons, George and Frederick, both showed early musical talent which she fostered.

She moved to Auckland in tha late 1880s, but after after George left to pursue his career in Australia, followed by Frederick also moving to Melbourne she relocated in 1891. She continued to teach for some years and died in 1922.
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H. Collier & Co

Location: Whanganui, New Plymouth and branches
Established: 1879
Ceased business: 1980s

New Plymouth branch of H. Collier & Co, 1922

H Collier & Co was a music retail business in Whanganui founded by brothers Henry and Herbert Collier (see below) in 1879 after purchasing the business of Edwin King. A branch was opened in Nelson in 1880 and one in New Plymouth in 1887. There were smaller branches in Hawera. Feilding, Palmerston North, Waitara and Stratford. The Whanganui branch was closed in 1926 and the same year a four storied premises was opened in New Plymouth where the business continued until the 1980s. Both the Whanganui and New Plymouth premises are still standing.
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Collier, Henry

Organist, pianist, teacher, music retailer, publisher
Born: c1853, Manchester, England
Died: 1935, Whanganui, New Zealand
Active in New Zealand: 1877-1935

Henry Collier studied under Charles Halle and Oscar Beringer before coming to New Zealand in 1877. He was organist of St Paul’s Cathedral in Whanganui before moving to Nelson in 1888 where he became organist of Nelson Cathedral and manager of Collier’s Nelson branch. When the branch closed in 1890 he returned to Whanganui. In 1895 Henry withdrew from active participation in the music business to concentrate on farming. The artist Edith Collier was his daughter.

Other resources
Spear, Syliva. “Collier’s Century of Music” (unpublished). ACR2005-416, Puke Ariki, New Plymouth.
Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Wellington Province (1897), p. 1439.
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Collier, Herbert

Violinist, ‘cellist, teacher, music retailer, publisher
Born: Manchester, England
Died: 1857-1941
Active in New Zealand: 1879-1941

Herbert Collier studied under Charles Halle before coming to New Zealand in 1878. In 1926 Herbert retired from the business and the Whanganui branch was closed.

He was a member of the Whanganui Orchestral Society for over fifty years as player, conductor and administrator.

Other resources
Spear, Syliva. “Collier’s Century of Music” (unpublished). ACR2005-416, Puke Ariki, New Plymouth.
Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Wellington Province (1897) p. 1439.
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Coupland, Harriet

Singing and piano teacher, composer, spiritualist
Born: 1868, Ballarat, Australia
Died: 1942, 27 June, Christchurch, New Zealand
Active in New Zealand: 1896-1942

Born in Ballarat and part of a musical family, Harriet Coupland studied music in Melbourne and commenced her musical career as a teacher of voice production and singing in 1878 in Bendigo. She performed as a soloist in a variety of theatre companies including Simonson’s Italian Opera Company, but had to re-focus her career after damage to her throat prevented her from continuing to perform. She moved to New Zealand where she taught singing and piano in Christchurch. In later years she also went under the name of Madame Vernon and told fortunes, for which she was convicted in 1921. She is buried in Bomley Cemetery, Christchurch.

Compositions
Mulga Town. (Lyttleton Times, 1900)

Other resources
Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Canterbury Provincial District, p. 229 (photo source).
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Cowley, John

Music retailer, composer
Active in New Zealand: 1913-1929

John Cowley worked in Begg’s Wellington branch, firstly managing the sheet music department and later the piano department. In 1913 Begg’s published his song Golden Morn and from newspaper reports it appears Begg’s assigned the London publishing rights to Francis Day Hunter who had previously published Cowley’s Valse Arabis. In 1924 Cowley left Begg’s and moved to Auckland where he managed the English and Foreign Piano Agency until it went into liquidation c1929.

Compositions
Valse Arabis. (London: Francis, Day Hunter, 1911)
Golden Morn. (Wellington: Charles Begg & Co, 1913)
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Craston, Edward Sharp

Organist, music teacher, composer
Born: 1856, Manchester, England
Died: 1948, Auckland
Active in New Zealand: 1907-1948

Edward Craston’s career as an organist was well-established by the time he migrated to New Zealand in 1907. Having achieved a BMus degree from Durham University, he was assistant organist at Liverpool Cathedral for many years. Soon after his arrival in Auckland he donated a collection of 15 of his anthems to Auckland City Library, and he continued to compose, mostly church anthems. He was organist at St David’s Presbyterian Church for 34 years, a music teacher, assistant examiner at the Auckland University College for some years, and for 5 years City Organist.

Compositions (post-1907 only)
Songs included in the school song book Zealandia, Vol. III – God defend New Zealand, The path to fame, New Zealand, O ship, speed o’er the ocean. (London : Curwen & Sons ; Auckland [N.Z.] : Upton & Co., [1907])
Rest. (Auckland: A. Eady, 1908)
They that go down to the sea in ships. (London: Novello, 1908)
And the Earth was reaped. (Liverpool: J. Smith, 1916, and London: Novello, 1921)
The merciful and gracious Lord. (London: Novello, 1922)
The earthquake. (Auckland: 1931)
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Crowther, Francis Edwin (Frank)

Conductor, musical director, composer
Born: 1881, Dunedin
Died: 1957

Frank Crowther and John Fuller, 1937

Frank Crowther was a nephew of Edwin James King and a member of E. J. King’s orchestra in Wellington from the age of twelve. In 1899 he joined the Pollard Opera Company, and in 1900 was part of Dix’s Gaiety Company. From 1903 he worked with Fullers, coming to Wellington’s Theatre Royal in 1910, and in 1913 becoming musical director of His Majesty’s (St James) in Courtenay Place. He was elected conductor of the Wellington Professional Orchestra in 1921. In the early 1930s he was musical director for Filmcraft Ltd which made Government Publicity films. In 1935, he conducted the New Zealand Grand Opera Society, and in 1948, was chorus master for the Wellington Operatic and Theatre Society.

Compositions
Britons all (Territorial camp song). (Wellington: Charles Begg & Co, 1914)
There’s only one way home boys, “It’s through Berlin” (arr.). (Wellington: Charles Begg & Co, 1918)
Gallipoli patrol. (Unpublished, 1919)

Photo source
EP/1956/0241-F, Alexander Turnbull Library.
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Dasma, see Adams, Samuel

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Davy, Jessie

Music retailer
Born: Unknown
Died: Unknown
Active in New Zealand: 1909-1939+

Mrs Davy’s tearooms, Cromwell, c1910

Mrs (Jessie) Davy of Cromwell was the organist for the local Presbyterian church and in 1909 purchased ‘the well-known Fancy Goods, Fruit and Confectionary business’ of James Little. She subsequently added a tearoom to her business.  Mrs Davy acted as agent for Begg’s, and in this capacity advertised an ‘extensive stock of sheet music and latest songs on hand and arriving regularly’.  Musical products were clearly an important part of her business as a photograph of Mrs Davy outside the tearooms shows ‘Musical Instruments’ advertised on the side of the building.  
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Davidson, James

James Davidson

Organ builder, music retailer, bandmaster
Born: 1869, London
Died: ?
Active in New Zealand: 1890-?

James Davidson was apprenticed to Froom & Co in London for five years and then employed by various organ builders and musical retailers. In 1889 he went to Sydney and then a year later to New Zealand, commencing business in Timaru where after three years he began working as a travelling salesman for various musical firms.

In 1902 he joined Colliers in New Plymouth as a travellers and salesman. In 1905 he set up business on his own. He was bandmaster of the Hokitika Rifle Band and the Collingwood Town Band.

Resources
Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Taranaki, Hawke’s Bay and Wellington Provincial Districts, p. 95 (photo source).
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Davis, Daniel

New Zealander, 8 July 1854, 2.

Bandmaster, composer, grocer
Born: 1825, Great Britain
Died: 1858, Auckland
Active in New Zealand: 1845-1858

Daniel Davis arrived in New Zealand as a Sergeant with the band of the 58th Regiment. He tool over as Bandmaster after the death of James Shanahan and led the Band in many military and social concerts. He was discharged from the army in 1857 and chose to stay on, setting up as a grocer but dying shortly afterwards.

In 1854 six pieces by Davis, all arranged for the piano and published by Robert Cocks in London, were advertised for sale in Auckland. Most were clearly written while he was in Auckland as the titles include mention of local dignitaries such as Colonel Wynyard, and locations such as Ruapekapeka, although one, A gallop to the diggins may have dated from the time the regiment was posted in Sydney.

Published compositions:
Governor Wynyard polka. (London: Robert Cocks, 1852)
Wynyard quadrille. (London: Robert Cocks, 1852)
Auckland waltz. (London: Robert Cocks, 1852)
Rose Anna quadrille. (London: Robert Cocks, 1852)
Ruapekapeka, Grand pas redouble. (London: Robert Cocks, 1852)
A gallop to the digging. (London: Robert Cocks, 1852)

Other resources:
Nichol, E. Dedicated to the colonial music-loving public, p. 42-45
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De Clive-Lowe, George Thomas Humphrey

Medical practitioner, writer, composer, theatre director.
Born: 1868, Bangalore, India (educated in Great Britain)
Died: 1944, Auckland.
Active in New Zealand: 1897 – 1944

Pseudonyms
Tamati Hamapere
Thomas Humphrey


Detail from:
Auckland Libraries Heritage Collections NZG-19030926-901-1

George De Clive-Lowe was a leading surgeon in Auckland from his arrival after his training in Scotland and New Zealand registration in early 1897. As well as his eminent medical career, a pioneer in radiology and bacteriology  and founder of the Auckland Automobile Association De Clive-Lowe had a fascination and enthusiasm with the theatre, and musical theatre in particular. Writing under the pseudonym Thomas Humphrey, he had a number of works performed on the Auckland Stage during the 1900s, including The Lady Typist, and Manuella, culminating is his musical Runnymeade (1937) whose cast was to include a future Mayor of Auckland, Dove-Meyer Robinson.

Under the pseudonym Tamati Hamapere, De Clive-Lowe also wrote and had published the song Karo, which reflected his interest shared with Alfred Hill in Maori music.

Compositions:
Look in mine eyes. (1899)
Goodbye. (Auckland: Abel Dykes, 1900)
The bell of Cuba (or Manuella). (1909)
The Tea Girl.
Sixes and sevens. (1908)
The lady typist. (1905)
The Golden Wedge. (1908)
Karo. (Auckland: Arthur Eady, 191?)
Queen o’May. (Melbourne: Allan, 1935)
Runnymeade. (1937)

Other resources:
New Zealand Memories, Feb/March 2015, p. 48-57
Harcourt, P. Fantasy & folly: the lost world of New Zealand musicals, 1880-1940, p. 80-94. (Wellington : Steele Roberts, 2002)
“Obituary.” New Zealand Herald, 31 May, 1944, p.6.
National Library of New Zealand.  De Clive-Lowe, George T H, 1859-1944 : Musical works and plays 
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De Lautour, Bertram Aubrey de Hoghton

Violinist, teacher, leader of string band, composer
Born: 1873, London
Died: 1933, New Zealand
Active in New Zealand: ? – 1933

Bertram de Lautour came to Port Chalmers as a child in 1884. He studied music at Tapanui and taught in Gore before moving to Dunedin where he continued teaching and also had a string band. For the last twenty years of his life he taught in Oamaru and then Timaru.

Compositions
Queen’s drive. March. (Dunedin: Charles Begg & Co, 1899)
Kaffir dance (1900, no copy)
Pretoria march (Dunedin: 1900)

Other resources
Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Otago and Southland Provincial Districts, p. 217.
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De Maus, David Alexander

Photographer, local body politician, composer
Born: 1847, Scotland
Died: 1925, Dunedin
Active in New Zealand: 1867-1925

David De Maus arrived in Dunedin aged 20 from Edinburgh, Scotland to join his brother James, who had already set up as a photographer in Dunedin. David established his own company in Port Chalmers, and became Mayor of that town on four occasions. As well as being a respected photographer, particularly of maritime subjects, he wrote and composed a number of songs and sketches on a wide range of topical subjects including football and the Union Steamship Company.

Compositions
Union Steamship Company . (Dunedin, Union Steamship, 1885)
Numerous unpublished songs.

Resources:
Murray, D. De Maus, David Alexander.
Capturing Port : D.A. De Maus: photography, music, and community spirit in nineteenth-century Port Chalmers. (Dunedin : Port Chalmers Museum, [2009] – includes a CD of various songs by De Maus.
Early New Zealand Photographers:
Alexander Turnbull Library: De Maus, David Alexander, 1847-1925 : Music scores, programmes and other papers
Reference Number: MS-Group-0539.
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Don, Archibald Rae (Archie)

Conductor, organist, music retailer, composer, piano tuner
Born: 1882, Dunedin
Died: 1932, Auckland

Born in Dunedin, Don was a member of the Kaikorai Brass Band before forming his own fife and drum band while still in his teens. After training as a church organist he moved to Gisborne in 1905 where he was a conductor and musical director. In 1914 he went to Hastings where he owned a music shop and was the local agent for Lewis Eady. He then went to Wellington in 1925 where he owned a music shop in Cuba Street and finally to Auckland where he was organist and choirmaster at St Paul’s Methodist Church in Remuera .

Archie Don collaborated with lyricist Harry Ribbands on a number of songs, including a comic opera, Marama, several of the songs from which were published separately.

Compositions
Our Territorials: a chorus march song. (Wellington: Charles Begg & Co, c1914)
We shall get there in time. (Hastings: Don’s Piano and Music Warehouse, c1915)
Strike up that band. (Hastings: Anzac Music Publishing Co, 1915)
Come canoeing down the Wanganui. (Hastings: Ribbands & Don, 1920)
The Renown: a Maori medley waltz (Wellington: Don’s Music House, c1927)
Marama: comedy opera (Hastings: Hastings Amateur Dramatic Society, 1920)
The Coo-ee call. From Marama. (Hastings: Ribbands & Don, 1920)

Recordings
Marama. Videorecording. Hastings Operatic Society. (Hastings: Reel to reel, 1995)

Other resources
Bourke, Chris. Good-bye Maoriland: the songs and sounds of New Zealand’s Great War. (Auckland: Auckland University Press, 2017), pp. 152-153
Harcourt, P. Fantasy & folly: the lost world of New Zealand musicals, 1880-1940. (Wellington, Steele Roberts, 2002), p. 104
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Dresden Pianoforte Manufacturing and Agency Ltd

Location: Dunedin, and branches
Established: 1883
Ceased business: 1939

”The Dresden” was established by David Theomin and Frederick Michaelis in 1883. Both were successful businessmen with high profiles in the general Dunedin business world and within the local Jewish community, with Theomin building his family the stately home Olveston. Theomin, whose birth surname was Benjamin, was particularly interested in music and the arts and was an active member of the Royal Male Voice Choir.

The Dresden was located on a stretch of Princes St in Dunedin which also included fellow music retailers Charles Begg’s, and George West’s. As well as a showroom, warehouse and manufacturing workshops, the building also provided rooms for music teachers to hire and a concert room. The company developed a successful model of hire-purchase of instruments and by 1907 the Dresden had branches or agencies in 60 towns throughout New Zealand.

In addition to its retail activities Theoman and his various managers (including J. A. X. Riedle) developed an active music publishing programme during the first 20-30 years. As well as individual songs and dances, they produced a music Album and re-branded the Wickens Pianoforte Literature series for the local market as the Dresden School of Music. Forced to change its name in 1915 to the Bristol Piano Company, the business eventually ceased trading in 1939.

Other resources:
Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Otago Provincial District (photo source)
Murray, D. Dresden building. Built in Dunedin website
Nichol, E. “The Dresden Pianoforte Manufacturing and Agency Company Limited: a pioneer of New Zealand music publishing. In Crescendo, no.74.
Palmer, M. ‘Theomin, David Edward’, Te Ara – the Encyclopedia of New Zealand.
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Dyson, Nelson

Law clerk, composer
Born: 1883?, England
Died: 194-?, Hawaii?
Active in New Zealand: 1900 – 1910

When Nelson Dyson returned to England it was in the hope of establishing himself as a song-writer. While in New Zealand as a part-time composer he had written several songs and had an agreement with both an English and USA music publisher. He appears to have migrated to Honolulu at some stage.

Compositions
Fifth Avenue parade : quick-step. (London: Wickins, 1904)
You are my pearl. (Melbourne: Allan, 1904)
The good old First. (Unpublished, 1905)
What we have we’ll hold. ?, 1909
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